Search for a trade mark

New Search for a trade mark in India : Free IPR guide

New Search for a trade mark in India : Free IPR guide

search for a trade mark
Search for a trade mark


Whenever you hear this term called ‘Trademark’ You would have a question in mind: what is it? Where do I search for a trade mark. How to find a trademark?

  ‘A trademark is a symbol usually which can be visible in a word form or in the form of colour, label, applied to products for sale with a view to indicate the consumer that the said product is manufactured by a particular company or organization or self-employed professional.

This is the unique attribute about their products or services which they are offering to the public or the country. This represents their unique identity as in today’s world there are many competitors for each and every product and services.

Intellectual Property Rights:

In the language of Intellectual Property Rights where we can look up a trade mark is a particular mark as I said above an unique identity of a company’s products, by applying this mark the said manufacturers or sellers are getting an exclusive right to use this trademark in relation to their products.


Such right to use is called a Trademark and they can seek protection under law by registering it  under Trade Mark Act 1999 which was covered in the past Trade And Merchandise Marks Act 1958.


 Now one question would be raised again about what is  Intellectual Property Rights? Now your Intellectual property trademark search ends here in this blog, as you will get definite answers to all your questions regarding to search for a trade mark further.



 Just keep reading!. Intellectual Property Rights includes all rights associated with intangible assets owned by companies or persons that have protection against use without their consent. These  intangible assets include all fictitious assets which are not physical in nature.

The Trade Marks Act, 1999 and the Trade  Marks Rules, 2002 administer the law relating to TradeMarks in India. The Trade  Marks Act, 1999 ensures the trademarks and their encroachment that will get challenged by a passing off or trademark infringement activity. The Act ensures an exchange check for merchandise or administrations, on the premise of either utilization or enrollment or on premise of both components.   

In case of trademark, not at all like other Intellectual Property Rights, it isn’t fundamental that the term or image chosen to be the check, ought to be out of an innovation which is novel, one of a kind and already obscure. The check chosen for commerce can be a non-invented and received one as well. Eg:Apple, Tata. These marks may or may not essentially be enlisted to claim proprietorship by their legitimate proprietors.

Definition of Trademark as described in the Trade Marks Act 1999 is as below:

Section 2(1) (m):

Trademark must be a mark which includes a device, a brand heading, label, ticket, name, signature, word, letter, numeral, shape of goods, packaging or combination of colours or any combination thereof;


Section 2(1) (zb):

  1.   Trademark means a mark capable of being represented graphically and which is capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one person from those of others and may include shape of goods, their packaging and combination of colours; and



In relation to the other provisions of this Act, a mark used or proposed to be used in relation to goods or services for the purpose of indicating or so to indicate a connection in the course of exchange between the products or administrations, as the case may be. 


A few individual having the correct, either as proprietor or by way of the allowed client, to utilize the stamp whether with or without the sign of the character of that individual, and incorporates a certification exchange check or collective stamp.

Concept of trademark is based on three wide variables:

1.Distinctiveness or unmistakable character, or competent of recognizing


2.Deceptive similitude or similitude or close likeness of marks


3.Same depiction or similitude of products.

The purpose of Trademark Act is to provide for enlistment and way better security of trademarks or merchandise and administrations and to anticipate the utilization of false marks.


The search for a trade mark must be considered to be a comprehensive term counting inside itself “trade name” as moreover stamp; “business name” as moreover ‘name’ beneath which articles, products, etc. are sold. This from the definition of “trade mark” and of “mark” as per the Act.

History of search for a trade mark in India

In India restrictive assurance for marks is antiquated. Around the 10th century, a check synonymous as “merchants check,” showed up, and images among dealers and shippers expanded essentially.


These marks, which can be considered one kind of “exclusive check,” basically were utilized to demonstrate proprietorship rights of merchandise like checking cattle, earthenwares, exchanging insignias on monetary standards, etc.



 In center ages, skilled workers and shippers attached marks to merchandise in arrange to recognize their work from the producers of moo quality products and to preserve believe within the guilds. These marks, synonymous as “generation marks,” served to preserve restraining infrastructures.

These generation marks made a difference buyers to recognize and relegate obligation for second rate items, such as, products brief in weight, merchandise comprised of destitute quality materials, and products made with second rate craftsmanship.


The Anglo Indian trademark law had its root dating back to 1266. It was moreover called as the Bread cooks Checking Law. As the title proposes the law required pastry specialists to put a check on the bread that they made and sold, recognizing the pastry specialist.

 Registration of trade mark

In the 20th century prior to 1940 there was no official Trademark Law in India. Numerous problems aroused on encroachment, Counterfeiting, etc and these were solved by application of section 54 of the specific relief act 1877 and the registration was resolved through declaratory judgment”for the ownership of a trademark under Indian Registration Act 1908.



Look up a trade mark evolution ​


The successor of Trademarks and Merchandise Act, 1958 gave rise to the Trademark Act 1999; by the Government of India so that the Indian Trademark Law gets compliant with the TRIPS obligation on the recommendation of WTO.


The objective of the 1999 Act was to bestow the security to the client of the trademark on his merchandise and endorse conditions on securing, and lawful cures for requirement of trademark rights.


For the primary time it given assurance for benefit marks and grant arrangement of enrollment for collective marks, it moreover separated between well-known trademarks and trademarks in common, additionally uncommon treatment and rights are conceived for well-known trademarks .


The act of 1999 gave police the right to capture in case of encroachment. There are a few focuses of changes that are show between the 1958 act and 1999 act, it can be said that the 1999 act may be a alteration of the 1958 act, it has given thorough definitions of terms habitually utilized, upgraded discipline for guilty parties, expanded the period of enrollment, enrollment of non- conventional trademarks. 


The rules of this act are called Trademark Rules 2002. Both the Act and its set of rules came to effect on 15 September 2003. The Trademark Act 1999 and Trademark rules 2002 presently govern Indian Trademark Laws in India


To overcome the above difficulties the Indian Trademarks Act was passed in 1940, this corresponded with the British Trade Marks Act. After this, AS Trade and commerce continuously were growing , there was an increasing need for more protection of Trademarks. The replacement to this act was the Trademark and Merchandise Act, 1958.

India became a party to the WTO at its very inception. One of the agreements is related to the Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). In December, 1998 India granted to the Paris Convention.

Meanwhile, the modernization of Trade and Merchandise Marks Act, 1958 had been taken up keeping in view the current developments in trading and commercial practices, increasing globalization of trade and industry, the need to encourage investment flows and transfer of technology, need for simplification of trademark management system and to give effect to attain these purposes, the Trademarks Charge was presented in 1994.

The Charge pointed towards the changes which were mulled over and were beneath thought of the Administer- ment of India, but it slipped by in 1994. A comprehensive audit was made of the existing laws in see of the improvements in exchanging and commercial phones, and expanding globalization of exchange and industry. 

The Trademarks Bill of 1999 was passed by Parliament that received the assent of the President on 30th December, 1999 as Trade Marks Act, 1999 thereby replacing the Trade and Merchandise Mark Act of 1958.

Checking Trademarks types: Trademark Act, 1999 


Search for a trade mark as Service mark:

Service marks are marks used for businesses rendering various kinds of services. The new concept of ‘service’ has been included for the benefit of service-oriented establishments like  banking, communication, education, finance, insurance, etc.


This mark is the same as a trade mark except that it distinguishes the source of a service rather than a product. Normally, a mark for goods appears on the product or on its packaging, while a service mark appears in advertising for the services.

Search for a trade mark as Certification  mark:

Provisions are also made in the Act for trademark registration of Certification marks, whose function is to indicate that the goods have been certified for certain characteristics in it like indicating level of quality Eg: HALLMARK for Gold jewellery

Search for a trade mark as Collective mark

Trade Marks Act, 1999 has also made provisions for trademark registration  and to  protect Collective marks, which is a mark owned by an association or group of people for producing certain goods.

Eg: AMUL, MAPRO, etc. The new concept of ‘collective mark ‘ has been provided for the benefit of members of an association, but not for partnership.

Over the period of time, Lookup a trademark gradually evolved in to the following ways:

Search for a trade mark as Well-known trademarks:

Being a signatory to the Paris Tradition and TRIPS, India recognizes the concept of a well-known trademarks. Under Section 2(1)(zg) of the Trade Marks Act, 1999 well-known trademark”, in connection to any merchandise or administrations, implies a check which has gotten to be so to the considerable fragment of the open which employments such merchandise or administrations that the utilize of such stamp in connection to other products or administrations would be likely to be taken as showing a association within the course of exchange or rendering of administrations between those products or administrations and a individual utilizing the check in connection to the first-mentioned merchandise or administrations.

Search for a trade mark as Generic Trademark:

 The esteem of a trademark whether enrolled or not can be kept up as it were on the off chance that the proprietor employments it and takes incite activity against encroachment, or passing-off.

On the off chance that encroachment of the check is avoided, the check is likely to ended up a nonspecific title and the uniqueness of the check will be misplaced or disintegrated or weakened in the event that other dealers utilize the same or comparable stamp in connection to the same or comparable merchandise or some of the time indeed distinctive merchandise.


e.g.: Dalda, Bisleri, Xerox, etc. were enlisted exchange- marks but in due course of time the overpowering ubiquity and unchecked utilize or reference of the check by others, come about in losing its peculiarity and got to be bland.


Search for a trade mark as Domain name Trademark

 With modernization and the development of the world into an internet world saw the evolution of a new concept of domain name trademark. Every business on the internet has a domain name which is a unique address in cyber space at which the website is located.

A user on internet will find the domain name highly useful in finding the goods or services of a particular company on its website with the designated domain name identifying it. e.g.: information about the organization Tata and all its products and services can be found on its website with domain name


Search for a trade mark as Trade Dress


Trade dress alludes to a combination of components that make up the see, feel, or environment of an item or commerce; the term can allude to personal components of an item or trade picture as well as to the picture the combination of those components makes as an entire. Exchange Dress is non-functional physical detail. Exchange Dress may incorporate many imperative highlights like:

Estimate, shape, plan, color, etc


Search for a trade mark as Smell mark and Sound mark 

Moreover, advanced with time to distinguish items of specific root with a particular and identifiable Scent and/or Sound which is publicized to teach the shoppers approximately this separating calculation of the item.


“Securing Your Unique Designs: A Guide to Design Patents”

Securing a design patent is an essential step for businesses and innovators to protect their unique and ornamental product designs. At Pleadmasters, we understand the nuances of intellectual property (IP) law and offer comprehensive legal solutions to safeguard your creative work effectively. 

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